citizenship bill

Citizenship Amendment Bill 2019


Introduced by

Mr Amit Shah

Minister of Home Affairs


The bill proposes foreign illegal immigrates (from Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan) staying in India, for atleast 5 years, eligible to apply for Indian citizenship.


Salient Points ()

Immigrants eligible for citizenship

This bill proposes illegal migrants who belong to 6 religious minorities - Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis and Christians - who had fled persecution from 3 countries - Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan - before December 2014, to be eligible for citizenship of India

Mandatory stay reduced to 5 years

Mandatory stay in India reduced from 12 years to 5 years

No prosecution for applying citizenship

No prosecution against these six communities applying for Indian citizenship

Exception to NE states

Not applicable to tribal areas (as per sixth schedule of the constitution). 

  • Karbi Anglong (in Assam), Garo Hills (in Meghalaya), Chakma District (in Mizoram), and Tripura Tribal Areas District. 

Not Applicable to the areas under the Inner Line (as per Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation, 1873). 

  • The Inner Line Permit regulates visit of Indians to Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, and Nagaland.   


ProposalCitizenship Bill 2016 (Original)Citizenship Bill 2019 (Amended)
Citizenship by naturalization Any foreign national who resides in India for 12 years are eligible to apply for Indian citizenship. Exception for six religious communities was six years. Exception for six religious communities further reduced to five years. Rest remains same
Eligibility for citizenship for certain illegal migrants The bill prohibits illegal migrants from acquiring Indian citizenship. Exception for six religious communities for calling and treating them as illegal immigrants. Any pending legal proceedings against these immigrants will be closed. NE State Exception for Tribal areas and areas under Line of Control Rest remain same
Grounds for cancelling OCI registration Central government have the right to cancel OCI on six grounds. Registration is done through fraud Showing disaffection to the Constitution Engaging with the enemy during war Necessity in the interest of sovereignty of India, the security of the state or public interest Imprisonment for two years or more out of five years of OCI registration Violation of the law It rights remains same as 2016


Key Stats ()

Total Number of illegal immigrants to be benefited


Hindu Illegal immigrants to be benefitted


Muslim Illegal immigrants that won’t be benefitted


Hindu Majority countries in the World

*India (80%total population) **Nepal (81% of total )

Muslim Majority countries in the World



19 Jul 2016
8 Jan 2019
09 Dec 2019
11 Dec 2019
01 Jan 2020 Extra Label

WHY (as per the govt)

Salient Points ()

To provide Indian citizenship to communities who have faced day-to-day persecution on grounds of religion

To give shelter to people who fled to India and have no other place to go

WHY NOT (as per opposition)

Salient Points ()

It does not include Rohingya Muslims immigrants from Sri Lanka and Myanmar

NE States fear the loss of political rights and culture as well as the land rights of the native people



Videos ()


CAB is a bill which has been presented by Home Minister in both the houses (Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha) of Parliament to get it passed. 

The passed bill is then further presented to the President of India for approval. Approved bill (CAB) by the President is now CAA.

No, this act is made for illegal immigrants (from Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh) to become eligible for Indian citizenship. It has nothing to do with existing Indian citizens (including all religion). This Act is only for those who have faced years of persecution outside and have no other place to go except India.

Citizenship Amendment Bill (CAB)

National Register of Citizen (NRC)

1.It proposes to grant citizenship to illegal immigrants from six religious minorities communities who fled to India from Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan.

1.It aims to remove/deportation of illegal immigrants from India

2. CAB grants citizenship to religious minorities who entered India to seek shelter on or before December 31, 2014

2. NRC includes people who can prove that either they or their ancestors lived in India on or before March 24, 1971


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