Mr Prahlad Joshi
Minister of Coal
The mineral bill amends the two-existing legislation [i.e. Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act, 1957 and the Coal Mines (Special Provisions) Act, 2015], to give it a more comprehensive form.
The new provision allows companies which do not have any prior experience in mining to participate in coal auction, which further, helps in bringing FDI in the coal/mining sector.
Salient Points ()
Companies will be allowed to carry on coal mining operation for own consumption, sale or for any other purposes, as may be specified by the central government.
Now no prior experience will be required for auction of coal and lignite blocks
The Bill proposes to provide composite licenses for both prospecting and mining.
Environmental and forest clearances will be automatically transferred to the new owners of the mineral blocks along with other clearances for two years. This will allow the new owners to continue with the hassle-free mining operations.
The auction of the lease of mines can be started before the end of the lease term for smooth production of minerals in the country.
The previous provisions had shortcoming which was stopping the growth for the sector.
- Mining for self-consumption was not allowed
- Only companies having prior experience were allowed to bid for mining auctions, which restricted sector growth like getting FDI
- The separate license was needed for prospecting and mining which resulted in delays.
- Getting extended licenses, mining license or transfer license for new bidders was a task
The proposed amendment not only will take care of the above shortcomings but will also take care of making India foot strong in the mining sector across the world.
Key Stats ()
The bill got introduced in Lok Sabha
The bill got passed in Lok Sabha
The bill got passed by Rajya Sabha
WHY (as per the govt)
Salient Points ()
To promote ease of doing business for coal mining and other lignite blocks
It will help in bring more FDI in the coal and mining sector, and boost economy.
More domestic output would lead to more electricity generation and also cut oil import bill.
To encourage more players for auction and restrict the monopoly of ‘Coal India ltd.’
Schedule I – Provides the list of all the coal mines for auction and allocation, which was cancelled by Supreme court in 2014
Schedule II – mines are those where production had already started before the Supreme court’s order in 2014
Schedule III – mines are ones that had been earmarked for a specific end-use
Reconnaissance means preliminary prospecting of a mineral through certain surveys.
Removal of restriction on end-use of coal
Schedule II and III mines to be used for specified end use of Power generation and steel production
Allowed for self-consumption, sale or any other purpose
Eligibility for auction of coal and lignite blocks
Prior experience in the field required for auction of coal and lignite blocks
No prior experience required for bidding
Composite license for prospecting and mining
Separate licence required for prospecting and mining
Composite license granted for prospecting and mining
Non-exclusive reconnaissance permit holders to get other licenses
The holders not entitled to obtain a prospecting license or mining lease
Transfer of statutory clearances to new bidders
New bidder has to take all required licences/clearances before mining
All old permits and licences will be extended to new bidder for two years. And the new bidder can extract the coal from the mines but has to obtain all required licences within these 2 years.
Prior approval from the central government
Central government approval is mandatory granting reconnaissance permit, prospecting license, or mining lease for coal and lignite.
No prior approval required
Advance action for auction
Auction takes places only upon expiry of lease period
Auction can be held before the expiry of lease period