The Biological Diversity (Amendment) Bill, 2021


Mr Bhupendra Yadav

Minister of Labour and Employment

Minister of Forest, Environment and Climate Change


The bill seeks to relax certain rules of Biological Act 2002, by  decriminalizing certain provision nd bring more foreign investments in the chain of biological resources, research, patent and commercial utilization, without compromising the national interest.


Salient Points ()

The bill proposes to relax compliance burden on Indian medicine practitioners, seed sector, industry & researchers to conduct collaborative research and investment.

It streamlines the process of Patenting for Indian researchers to encourage patenting.

The bill facilitates fast-tracking of research and decriminalizing certain offences.

The bill focusses on regulating on who can access the biological resources and knowledge.

The bill seeks to strengthen the state biodiversity boards.

The bill proposes to exempt AYUSH practitioners from  intimating biodiversity boards for accessing biological resources or knowledge


AYUSH medicine practitioners urged the government to  simplify, streamline and reduce the compliance burden to provide for a conducive environment for collaborative research and investments.


Key Stats ()

AYUSH practitioners in India

7.7 lakh


16 Dec 2021
20 Dec 2021

WHY (as per the govt)

Salient Points ()

This would encourage foreign investment  in biological resources, research, patent and commercial utilization.

It would boost Indian Medicine System by  empowering local communities to be able to utilize resources.


Salient Points ()

There is ambiguity in the proposed amendmentto protect, conserve or increase the stake of local communities in the sustainable use and conservation of biodiversity.

The activists believe that the amendments would  solely benefit the AYUSH Ministry.

The bill exempts cultivated medicinal plants from the purview of the Act but it is practically impossible to detect which plants are cultivated and which are from the wild.

The exemptions to AYUSH Practitioners  for approvals, would lead  for bio piracy.



Videos ()


Biopiracy is the practice of exploiting naturally occurring genetic or biochemical material in commerce.

The bill was enacted for the conservation of biological diversity and fair, equitable sharing of the monetary benefits from the commercial use of biological resources and traditional knowledge.

AYUSH stands for Ayurveda, Yoga, Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, and Homeopathy.

These are the six indigenous systems of medicine practiced in India


Citizen Poll

The Biological Diversity (Amendment) Bill, 2021


Do you support the bill?

Vote To Unlock Results
Strongly Agree: 14.29%
Somewhat Agree: 57.14%
Somewhat Disagree: 28.57%
Strongly Agree: 0%

The Biological Diversity (Amendment) Bill, 2021

Do you support the bill?


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