Air pollution

The Commission for Air Quality Management in National Capital Region and Adjoining Areas Bill, 2021

INTRODUCED BY

Introduced by

Bhupendra Yadav

Minister of Environment

SYNOPSIS

The bill proposes to set up a committee for air quality management in the National Capital Region (NCR) and adjoining areas for better co-ordination, research, identification, and resolution of problems.

HIGHLIGHTS

Salient Points ()

Applicability of Bill

The bill is applicable on NCR and the areas adjoining to the NCR in the States of Haryana, Punjab, Rajasthan and Utter Pradesh, where any source of pollution is located, causing adverse impact on air quality in the NCR.

Setting up of Committee

The bill seeks to set up statutory authority to tackle air pollution.

Powers of Committee

The powers include:

  • Ability to limit activities that affect air quality
  • Investigate & conduct research 
  • Develop codes and guidelines to prevent and control air pollution

Functions of Committee

The primary function would be to coordinate activities taken by state government like:

  • Planning and executing plans to prevent air pollution in NCR region
  • Framework for identification of air pollutants
  • Conducting  research and development with technical institutions
  • Preparing action plans for increasing and stubble burning

 

Abolition of EPCA

The bill dissolves the NCR's Environment Pollution Prevention and Control Authority (EPCA).

Decriminalize the act of burning

The bill decriminalize the act of stubble burning and has withdrawn the clause of jail term.

BACKGROUND

  • It was observed that air pollution in Delhi NCR consisted on multiple reason which were beyond the local limits.
  • Also, there is a lack of a permanent, dedicated and participative mechanism adopting a collaborative.
  • Therefore, a special focus is required on all sources of air pollution – power, agriculture, transport, industry, residential and construction.

KEY STATS

TIMELINES

30 Jul 2021
04 Aug 2021
05 Aug 2021

WHY (as per the govt)

Salient Points ()

It is an important mechanism to tackle pollution in Delhi NCR.

It would end the blame game and buck passing among authorities and states of the region.

There is a need to evolve and implement a consolidated approach for monitoring, tackling and elimination of causes for air pollution. 

WHY NOT (as per opposition)

Salient Points ()

The bill is anti-famers and against the interest of the farmers.

Deependra Hooda

MEDIA SAYING

VIDEOS

Videos ()

FAQs

EPCA 

  • Environmental Pollution (Prevention and Control)
  • It was established on 7 Jan 1998 with an objective of ‘protecting and improving’ the quality of the environment and ‘controlling environmental pollution’ in the National Capital Region. 
  • It was dissolved under the ordinance and replaced by 20 member committee to ensure strict compliance to pollution norms. 

 

NGT

  • National Green Tribunal Act
  • It was established in 18 Oct 2010 with an aim to provide effective and expeditious disposal of cases relating to the protection of the environment.

 

CPCB

  • Central Pollution Control Board
  • It was established in Sep 1974, with an aim to  promote cleanliness of streams and wells in different areas of the States by prevention, control and abatement of water pollution, and to improve the quality of air and to prevent, control or abate air pollution in the country.

OPINION POLL

Citizen Poll

The Commission for Air Quality Management in National Capital Region and Adjoining Areas Bill, 2021

Air pollution

Why there is no success in curbing increasing air pollution despite so many committees created over the years?

Vote To Unlock Results
No proper implementation of solutions: 0%
Lack of accountability: 0%
No concreate/practical solution provided by committee: 0%
Other: 0%



The Commission for Air Quality Management in National Capital Region and Adjoining Areas Bill, 2021

Why there is no success in curbing increasing air pollution despite so many committees created over the years?

ORIGINAL BILL

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